IDENTIFIKASI PENDEKATAN WHITE CUBE DAN REGIONALISME KRITIS PADA ARSITEKTUR GALERI SENI DI YOGYAKARTA

Marchelia Gupita Sari, Imaniar Sofia Asharhani

Abstract


Regionalisme dalam arsitektur kerap dibahas sebagai respon terhadap arsitektur modern yang bersifat univalen dan melunturkan nilai-nilai kesetempatan. Estetika galeri seni dengan pendekatan white cube yang berakar pada modernisme telah mengglobal atau melanda dunia, seperti halnya international style dalam arsitektur. Yogyakarta kini tengah menghadapi isu lokalitas dalam arsitektur yang dapat mencerminkan identitasnya sebagai kota seni dan budaya. Galeri seni memiliki peranan penting untuk menyebarkan kesenian kontemporer yang dinamis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi penerapan pendekatan white cube pada arsitektur galeri seni dan penerapan regionalisme kritis sebagai respon terhadap modernitas. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Analisis data dilakukan dengan komparasi antarkasus berdasarkan indikator dari regionalisme kritis dalam arsitektur. Penarikan kesimpulan berdasarkan kecenderungan penerapan white cube dengan indikator regionalisme pada kasus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pendekatan regionalisme ditemukan pada kasus yang menekankan tektonika, respon terhadap iklim, dan respon terhadap konteks sekitar. Karya seni di galeri seni Yogyakarta ternyata tidak serta merta dibebaskan dari konteks sekitar seperti halnya konsep white cube gallery.


IDENTIFICATION OF  WHITE CUBE APPROACH AND REGIONALISM IN ART GALLERY ARCHITECTURE IN YOGYAKARTA

 

Regionalism in architecture is often discussed as a response to modern architecture, which contains a univalent value and attenuates the values of context. The aesthetics of art galleries with the concept of white cube rooted in modernism have become trend in the world and international style in architecture. Yogyakarta is currently facing locality in architecture that can reflect its identity as a city of arts and culture. Art galleries have an essential role in spreading dynamic contemporary art. This study aims to identify the white cube approach to art gallery architecture and critical regionalism to respond to modernity. This research uses descriptive qualitative research methods. Data analysis was conducted by comparisons between cases based on indicators of crucial regionalism in architecture. The conclusion is based on the tendency of applying white cube with indicators of regionalism in cases. The results showed that the regionalism approach was found in cases that emphasized tectonic aspects, responses to climate, and responses to the surrounding context. Artwork in the Yogyakarta art gallery is not necessarily freed from the surrounding context, such as the concept of the white cube gallery.


Keywords


Arsitektur, Galeri Seni, Regionalisme Kritis, White Cube

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/lantang.v7i2.39678

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