METODOLOGI PENILAIAN KUALITAS HUNIAN PASKA BENCANA SEBAGAI EVALUASI STRATEGI REKONSTRUKSI: ANALISIS FAKTUAL DAN PERSEPTUAL

Maria Ariadne Dewi Wulansari, Dimas Wihardyanto

Abstract


Salah satu target utama dalam rekonstruksi paska bencana ialah tersedianya hunian bagi korban bencana yang kehilangan tempat tinggalnya. Dalam pengadaan hunian paska bencana terdapat berbagai macam strategi rekonstruksi. Pada penelitian ini dibahas mengenai kemungkinan menggunakan penilaian kualitas hunian sebagai alat untuk melakukan evaluasi terhadap strategi rekonstruksi. Metode penilaian kualitas hunian baik secara faktual maupun perseptual dipaparkan sebagai pengantar, kemudian disajikan perbandingan dari beberapa penelitian terdahulu mengenai kualitas hunian paska bencana. Dari penelitian ini, disimpulkan bahwa penilaian kualitas hunian paska bencana merupakan cara yang efektif untuk melakukan evaluasi terhadap strategi rekonstruksi. Penilaian kualitas hunian paska bencana itu sendiri dapat menggunakan pendekatan faktual, perseptional, maupun perpaduan keduanya, sesuai dengan obyek pengamatan yang dipilih.

Kata-kata Kunci: kualitas hunian, paska bencana, analisis faktual, analisis perseptual

 

SCORING METHOD OF THE QUALITY OF POST DISASTER HOUSING AS RECONSTRUCTION STRATEGY’S EVALUATION : FACTUAL AND PERCEPTUAL ANALYSIS APPROACH

One of post disaster recontruction’s main targets is providing proper housing for the victims who lost their homes. In post-disaster housing procurement there are various reconstruction strategies. This research discusses about ability to rate the quality of housing in evaluating the reconstruction strategy. Scoring method of the quality of housing, factually or perceptually, both are explained as preface. And then comparation of previous study about the quality of post disaster housing is discussed. From this research it learned that scoring of the quality of post disaster housing is an effective way to evaluate the reconstruction strategy. The scoring method of the quality of post disaster housing itself, can be seen from different approaches, the factual analysis approach, the perceptual analysis approach, or both, depends on the chosen study object.

Keywords: quality of housing, post disaster, factual analysis, perceptual analysis


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/lantang.v4i2.23272

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