以马内利初中二校二年级学生“不”和“没(有)”的 掌握情况分析

Falentika (F13110021), Ina ., Bun Yan Khiong

Abstract


The aim of this research is to know the different and the similarities ofthe words “Bu” and “Mei (You)” and also to know the understanding condition of the students of Immanuel II Junior High School Grade Eight about words “Bu” and “Mei (You)”.This research used literature study as the method to understand  and analyze the similarities and differences of the words “Bu” and “Mei (You)”and also used the test method to test the understanding of the students of Immanuel II Junior High School Grade Eight. The results of the research obtained show that “Bu” and “Mei (You)”can be used in the front of the verbs, the adjectives and groups of verbs-objects. However, there is a certain condition which the use of “Bu” and “Mei (You)” has different meaning. Furthermore, the test results indicate that the total percentages of the students accuracy in the type of questions ‘Fill in the blank’ about “Bu” and “Mei (You)”are 39.57% and 65.56%. Meanwhile, the total percentages of the students accuracy in the type of questions ‘multiple choices’ “Bu” and “Mei (You)”are 41.80% and 35.83%. In conclusion, the results show the negative attitude towards the students mastery in the use of the words “Bu” and “Mei (You)”.

Keywords : “Bu” , “Mei (You)”, the condition of student’s understanding


摘要:为了解“不”和“没(有)”的异同点及以马内利初中二校二年级学生对“不”和“没(有)”的掌握情况,本文用文献研究法分析“不”和 “没(有)”的异同点,使用测验法对学生进行测试。研究结果得知,“不”和“没(有)”都可以用在动词、形容词和动宾词组前,但有位置不同的情况,即使位置相同意思也不相同。测试结果得知,以马内利初中二校二年级学生“不”和“没(有)”填空部分的总正确率分别为:39,57% 和65,56%。选择正确位置部分的总正确率分别为:41,80%和35,83%,这说明该校的学生对“不”和“没(有)”的掌握情况不太乐观。通过这项研究,笔者希望能帮助学生更好地掌握“不”和“没(有)”的用法,并为汉语教师选择“不”和“没(有)”的教学法提供依据。

关键词:“不”;“没(有)”;掌握情况


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[Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan
Universitas Tanjungpura
Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia.

CP : 081253684719

ISSN: 2715-2723 (online)



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