丹戎布拉国立大学师范教育学院汉语专业2015届A班学生 阅读课中猜词策略使用调查与分析

Leni Karmelia

Abstract


 

摘要

每当遇到新词时学生常查阅词典,这样就不能培养出快速阅读能力。而对于不认识的信息,除了查阅词典作为解决办法,我们可以先猜新词的大概意思。在阅读中 使用猜词策略可以帮助学生理解课文,也能提高快速阅读能力。为了了解学生在 汉语阅读课时使用猜词策略的情况,笔者对丹戎布拉国立大学师范教育学院汉语 专业2015届A班学生进行了观察、调查和测试。从而笔者获得的分析结果是:有43,5% 学生在遇到生词的时候经常猜词的意思。学生在阅读猜词测试中通过句法 线索猜词的正确率为61%、通过上下文同义线索来猜词的正确率为52%、通过    上下文的反义线索的正确率为65%、通过上下文的列举线索来猜词的正确率为68%、通过偏旁猜词的正确率为40%。这说明,虽然不是100%学生都使用猜词策略,但是学生对猜词策略挺熟悉的。因此,笔者建议汉语老师更鼓励学生培养猜词能力, 提高学生的猜词自觉性,增强猜词自信。

关键词:汉语阅读,阅读技巧,猜词策略

Abstract

Students often use dictionary when they found new words, this habit will affect their fast reading ability. Beside checking dictionary, it will be better if students can guess the meaning of the words first. The use of guessing strategy can help students understand the text and improve their fast reading ability. The author observed, surveyed and tested the students of Mandarin Education Study Program 2015 Class A Tanjungpura University in order to understand the situation of students in the use of guessing strategy in the reading class. The result of the analysis is 43,5% of the students often guessing the meaning of the words. The correct rate of interpreting through syntax in Chinese reading class is 61%, through context clues which has identical meaning is 52%, through context clues in the opposite sense is 65%, through context clues which enumerated in clues is 68%, and through the component of a Chinese character is 40%. This result shows that although there’s not 100% of the students are using guessing strategy, but they are quite familiar with the guessing strategy. Therefore, the author suggested that Chinese teachers also need to encourage students to cultivate guessing ability, improve students' guessing consciousness, enhanced self – confidence of guessing words.

Keywords: Chinese Reading, Reading Skills, Guessing Strategy


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e-ISSN : 2715-2723