丹戎布拉国立大学师范学院汉语专业2014届学生 使用动词“认为”和“以为”的掌握情况分析

Lanny Leonita

Abstract


摘要

“认为”和“以为”,是汉语中常见的心理动词,都表示想法、意见或作出判断。汉语学习者在学习过程中对这两个词的用法混合不清,乱用一通。在实际运用上也  出现了问题。为了了解丹戎布拉国立大学师范学院汉语专业2014届学生对“认为”和“以为”的掌握情况和难点,本文使用测验法对学生进行测试了解他们的掌握情况并分析“认为”和“以为”的难点。测试结果显示,学生在学两个词的过程中,有的  用法已经掌握得很好了,但有的用法他们并不是掌握得很好。分析难点时,笔者发现学生最多出现问题的是词语误用和语法错误。

关键词: 心理动词 认为 以为

Abstract

“Ren Wei” and ”Yi Wei”, the examples of emotion verbs that frequently appear in Mandarin language, both represent the ideas, opinions or make judgments. The use of these two words for Chinese learners in the learning process is not clearly distinguished, used indiscriminately. It is also a problem in practical use. The aim of this research is to know the understanding conditions and difficulties of the students of Mandarin at Tanjungpura University, year of enrollment 2014. This research used literature study as the method to understand and analyze the difficulties of the words “Ren Wei” and  ”Yi Wei” and also used the test method to measure the understanding of the students of Mandarin at Tanjungpura University, year of enrollment 2014. The test results shows that students in the process of learning two words, some usage has been well grasped, but some usage they are not well grasped. In analysis of the difficulties, the author found that the students problems are mostly the misuse of the words and the grammar mistake.

Keywords: The Condition of Students Understanding “Ren Wei” and “Yi Wei”


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e-ISSN : 2715-2723