KUALITAS PAPAN KOMPOSIT BATANG KELAPA SAWIT (Elaeis guineensis Jacq) DAN LIMBAH PLASTIK POLIPROPILENA BERBAGAI VARIASI RASIO DAN PENAMBAHAN MALEIC ANHYDRID Composite Boards From Oil Palm Trunks (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq) And Polypropylene Plastic Waste In

Ida wati, Dina Setyawati, Nur haida, Farah Diba

Abstract


Wood is a basic requirement in the industrial activity. while timber production decreased so that required an efficient utilization of wood. The solution to overcome this problem is the use of waste oil palm trunk in the form of composite board. On the other hand, the plastic needs continue to increase. Plastic is a material consisting of artificial inorganic chemicals are quite harmful to the environment so it is necessary to increase the value of plastic. In the process of making this composite board using maleic anhydride (MAH) in order to improve the bonding between the fibers. This study aims to determine the quality of the composite board made from oil palm trunk (Elaeis guineensis Jacq) and polypropylene plastic waste on some variation of the ratio and the percentage of maleic anhydrid (MAH). Variation ratio of plastic and particles were 40 : 60, 50 : 50, and 60 : 40. Percentage of MAH used 0%, 2,5%, and 5% of the weight of the plastic. Composite board size was 30 cm x 30 cm x 1 cm with a target density of 0.8 g/cm3 at compression 25 kg/cm2 with temperature 180ºC for 10 minutes. Evaluation the quality of composite board was refer to standard JIS A 5908-2003. This study used afactorial experiment in a completely randomized design with 2 factors and 3 replications. The result of research showed that the highest guality of composite board was achieved on the highest plastic ratio. The best result was on composite board made from ratio particle oil palm and plastic 40:60 with percentage MAH 2,5%. Keywords : Oil palm particle, plastics polipropilena, MAH, BPO, composite board

ABSTRACT

Wood is a basic requirement in the industrial activity. while timber production decreased so that required an efficient utilization of wood. The solution to overcome this problem is the use of waste oil palm trunk in the form of composite board. On the other hand, the plastic needs continue to increase. Plastic is a material consisting of artificial inorganic chemicals are quite harmful to the environment so it is necessary to increase the value of plastic. In the process of making this composite board using maleic anhydride (MAH) in order to improve the bonding between the fibers. This study aims to determine the quality of the composite board made from oil palm trunk (Elaeis guineensis Jacq) and polypropylene plastic waste on some variation of


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/jhl.v2i3.8542

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Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Tanjungpura