JENIS TUMBUHAN PAKAN ORANGUTAN (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) DI HUTAN RAWA GAMBUT STASIUN RISET CABANG PANTI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG PALUNG KABUPATEN KAYONG UTARA

Erianto Erianto, Hari Prayogo, Octha Fitriani

Abstract


Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) are endemic to the island of Borneo whose existence is threatened with extinction. Based on the Asian Primate Classification and IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) conference, Bornean orangutans are categorized as endangered. The research was carried out in the peat swamp forest of Cabang Panti station research, Gunung Palung National Park, Kayong Utara Regency, which aims to obtain data on species and parts of plants which are the source of food for the Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) in the SRCP peat swamp forest. The study was conducted in the peat swamp in peat swamp forest Cabang Panti research Station Gunung Palung National Park Kayong Utara District. The method used in this research is purposive sampling method with the consideration that this location is really a habitat for orangutans to eat. The results showed that 31 plant families were found in the species of food for orangutans are 60 species of plants which were orangutan food plants. The most consumed parts of the plant were fruit flesh as much as 33 species (25%), seeds as many as 25 species (19%), flesh and fruit seeds as many as 24 species (18%), skin and pulp as many as 14 species (11%). The least eaten parts of the plant were young leaves as many as 13 species (10%), flowers as many as 8 species (6%), fruit skin as many as 7 species (5%), soft skin as many as 6 species (5%) and old leaves as many as 1 species (1%).

Keywords: Feed, Orangutan, Plant.

Abstrak

Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) merupakan satwa endemik Pulau Kalimantan yang keberadaannya terancam punah. Orangutan Kalimantan berdasarkan konferensi Asian Primate Classification dan IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) termasuk dalam kategori terancam punah (endangered). Penelitian dilakukan di hutan rawa gambut stasiun riset cabang panti tPaman nasional gunung palung kabupaten kayong utara yang bertujuan untuk memperoleh data jenis dan bagian-bagian tumbuhan yang merupakan sumber pakan Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) di hutan rawa gambut SRCP. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode jalur yang ditentukan secara sengaja (purposive sampling) dengan pertimbangan bahwa lokasi tersebut merupakan habitat Orangutan melakukan aktivitas makan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan sedikitnya ditemukan 31 famili tumbuhan dengan jumlah jenis tumbuhan sebanyak 60 jenis yang merupakan tumbuhan pakan Orangutan. Bagian tumbuhan yang paling banyak dimakan yaitu daging buah sebanyak 33 jenis (25%), biji sebanyak 25 jenis (19%), daging dan biji buah sebanyak 24 jenis (18%) , kulit dan daging buah sebanyak 14 jenis (11%). Bagian tumbuhan yang paling sedikit dimakan yaitu daun muda sebanyak 13 jenis (10%), bunga sebanyak 8 jenis (6%), kulit buah sebanyak 7 jenis (5%), kulit lembut sebanyak 6 jenis (5%) dan daun tua sebanyak 1 jenis (1%).

Kata Kunci: Orangutan, Pakan, tumbuhan.

Keywords


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/jhl.v10i1.49676

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Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Tanjungpura