ETNOZOOLOGI UNTUK RITUAL ADAT DAN MISTIS MASYARAKAT MELAYU DESA NANGA BETUNG KECAMATAN BOYAN TANJUNG KABUPATEN KAPUAS HULU

Addrama Putra Sukma, M Sofwan Anwari, Hafiz Ardian

Abstract


The local people of Kalimantansince the ancestors era until the present from various tribes still depend on nature. They use animals for daily needs such as consumption needs (protein), traditional ritual needs, treatment, supernatural and commercial activities. Malay community of Nanga Betung Village, Boyan Tanjung Subdistrict, Kapuas Hulu Regency has diversity in the utilization of fauna both for food, medicine, traditional ceremonies and arts. One of their cultures is still using animals around them for traditionalrituals and mystical. The purpose of this study is to obtain data on the species of animals used for traditional and mystical rituals and how they can be used by the Malay community of Nanga Betung Village. Data collection methods that is by field survey and interview and direct observation in the field. The selection of respondents using the snowball sampling technique. The results showed the amount of species used for traditional rituals and mystical by the Malay community of Nanga Betung Village, Boyan Tanjung Subdistrict, Kapuas Hulu Regency, there are 8 species of animals from 8 families. The average of each family consists of only one species. Animal parts that are used for traditional rituals and mystical are in the whole body, voice, egg, blood, and shell. The way to use it is by the whole body and blood of the animal for ritual salvation of people who will to give birth and the safety of the house that is occupied, the sound of the animals as a sign and the animalsantidote to the spirits.

Keywords: Etnozoology, Malay Tribe, Mystical, Nanga Betung, Traditional Rituals

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/jhl.v7i2.34560

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