METODE IDENTIFIKASI KERUSAKAN ELEMEN FISIK BANGUNAN HERITAGE DENGAN BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING (BIM) STUDI KASUS ISTANA ALWATZIKHOEBILLAH SAMBAS

Norita Norita, Zairin Zain, Yudi Purnomo

Abstract


Heritage buildings as architectural heritage assets that describe the identity of a region and the architecture of the past are important to be conserved and maintained. One of the cultural heritage buildings in Indonesia is Alwatzikhoebillah Sambas Palace. This building was built with wood construction. The condition of wood with age will experience changes in characteristics due to its interaction with various factors, especially biological and non-biological factors. Changes in any form cannot be underestimated, so documentation of cultural heritage buildings is needed. One way of documenting cultural heritage buildings is Building Information Modeling (BIM). BIM documentation can record various building information that is inputted in it. This research aim was to mapping and assessing the damage to the physical elements of wood on one of the accompanying buildings on the north side of the Alwatzikhoebillah Palace using BIM. BIM information contains the color code, mapping code, and the extent of the damage that occurs in the 2D view. The variables of this study were limited to biological damage caused by fungi and moss, also non-biological factors due to mechanical, weather, and chemical factors. The results of this research is the wall elements are dominantly damaged caused by wood staining fungus or mechanical erosion and weather changes of 1,64% with the effect of gray stains left on the elements.


Keywords


Alwatzikhoebillah Palace, wood damage, BIM

Full Text:

PDF

References


Fai, S., Graham, K., Duckworth, T., Wood, N., & Attar, R. (2011). Building Information Modelling and Heritage Documentation. Proceedings of the 23rd International Symposium, International Scientific Committee for Documentation of Cultural Heritage (CIPA), Prague, Czech, Republic, 12–16

Konopka, D., Gebhardt, C., & Kaliske, M. (2017). Numerical Modelling of Wooden Structures. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 27, S93–S102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2015.09.008

Lestari, Zain, Z., Rudiyono, & Irwin. (2016). Mengenal Arsitektur Lokal: Konstruksi Rumah Kayu di Tepian Sungai Kapuas, Pontianak. Langkau Betang: Jurnal Arsitektur, 3(2), 1–11

Logothetis, S., Delinasiou, A., & Stylianidis, E. (2015). Building Information Modelling for Cultural Heritage: A Review. ISPRS Annals of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, 2(5), 177–183. https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsannals-II-5-W3-177-2015

Nagy, G., & Ashraf, F. (2021). HBIM Platform & Smart Sensing as a Tool for Monitoring and Visualizing Energy Performance of Heritage Buildings. Developments in the Built Environment, 8(1), 1–15

Nor, I. H. M., & Isa, S. S. (2015). Preliminary Study of Malay Traditional Design Authenticity in Malaysian Tourist Accomodation Facilities. Advanture and Ecotourism in Malaysia, 26–39

Pavlovskis, M., Migilinskas, D., Antucheviciene, J., & Kutut, V. (2019). Ranking of Heritage Building Conversion Alternatives by Applying BIM and MCDM: A Case of Sapieha Palace in Vilnius. Symmetry, 11(8), 973. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11080973

Reinprecht, L. (2016). Wood Deterioration, Protection, and Maintenance. Wiley Online Library

Riggio, M., D’ayala, D., Parisi, M. A., & Tardini, C. (2018). Assessment of Heritage Timber Structures: Review of Standards, Guidelines and Procedures. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 31, 220–235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2017.11.007

Riggio, M., Sandak, J., & Franke, S. (2015). Application of Imaging Techniques for Detection of Defects, Damage and Decay in Timber Structures On-Site. Construction and Building Materials, 101(2), 1241–1252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.06.065

Sáiz-Jiménez, C. (1999). Biogeochemistry of Weathering Processes in Monuments. Geomicrobiology Journal, 16(1), 27–37. https://doi.org/10.1080/014904599270721

Shang, J., Yan, S., & Wang, Q. (2013). Degradation Mechanism and Chemical Component Changes in Betula Platyphylla Wood by Wood-Rot Fungi. BioResources, 8(4), 6066–6077

Sujana, A. (2017). Adaptasi Bangunan Cagar Budaya Perspektif Indonesia. A 083-090. https://doi.org/10.32315/sem.1.a083

Syaifullah, M., & Wibowo, B. (2017). Pemanfaatan Benda Cagar Budaya sebagai Potensi Pariwisata dan Ekonomi Kreatif Bagi Masyarakat Sekitar di Kota Pontianak Kalimantan Barat. Sejarah Dan Budaya: Jurnal Sejarah, Budaya, Dan Pengajarannya, 10(2), 222–233

Tommasi, C., Achille, C., & Fassi, F. (2016). From Point Cloud to BIM: A Modelling Challange in the Cultural Heritage Field. The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, 41(5), 429–436. https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XLI-B5-429-2016

Zabel, R. A., & Morrell, J. J. (2020). Wood Microbiology: Decay and Its Prevention. Academic Press

Zain, Z., & Fajar, I. W. (2014). Disain Struktural dalam Perspektif Kearifan Lokal pada Rumah Tradisional Melayu Kota Sambas Kalimantan Barat. Langkau Betang: Jurnal Arsitektur, 1(2), 17–29




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/jmars.v10i2.57152

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office/Publisher Address:
Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Tanjungpura Pontianak, Jl. Prof. Dr. H. Hadari Nawawi, Pontianak, 78124, Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia. 

Email: jmars@untan.ac.id