HUBUNGAN AKTIVITAS PENDUKUNG TERHADAP KUALITAS VISUAL KORIDOR JALAN GAJAH MADA PONTIANAK

Riesa Rizki Amalia, Bontor Jumaylinda BR Gultom, Muhammad Nurhamsyah

Abstract


This research is based on concerns about the existence of supporting activities will have an impact on the visual quality of a commercial road corridor. Activities that appear in commercial corridors are trade and service activities as well as activity support. This activity support will affect the development of the city so that it is more lively, continuous, and peaceful. In a corridor these activities can bring a lot of visitors. The large number of visitors indicates that the corridor has an attraction. The method used in this study is a method of mapping behavior and space syntax combined with questionnaires. Then the results of these data are correlated so as to know the relationship of supporting activities to the visual quality of corridors. The findings of this study are in the form of supporting activity relationship to the visual quality of the corridor of Jalan Gajah Mada Pontianak. The correlation of data between placed centered mapping and space syntax, between placed centered mapping and questionnaires, as well as between questionnaires and space syntax, showed a positive correlation. The number and position of supporting activities in the form of pkl can increase movement in an area. High movement in space syntax can indicate that the visual quality of an area has a high value. An easy-to-recognize space will attract visitors to come and supporting activities in the form of street vendors can be a movement generator and attractor.


Keywords


Activity Support, Visual Quality of Corridor, Gajah Mada Street Pontianak

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andi, A., Zain, Z., & Andi, U. F. (2020). Studi Konfigurasi Ruang Mall (Studi Kasus: Matahari Mall dan Ayani Megamall di Pontianak). Arsitektura, 18(2), 265. https://doi.org/10.20961/arst.v18i2.43471

Bafna, S. (2003). Space syntax: A Brief Introduction to Its Logic and Analytical Techniques. Environment and Behavior, 35(1), 17–29. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916502238863

Bawembang, E. N., Kumurur, V. A., & Waani, J. O. (2017). Teritori Dalam Ruang Publik Masyarakat Kampung Cina Di Kota Manado. Jurnal Arsitektur DASENG, 6(1), 32–42

Carmona, M., Heath, T., Oc, T., & Tiesdell, S. (2003). Public Places - Urban Spaces: The Dimensions of Urban Design. Oxford: Architecture Press

Ching, F. D. K. (1995). A Visual Dictionary of Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold

Cosco, N. G., Moore, R. C., & Islam, M. Z. (2010). Behavior mapping: A method for linking preschool physical activity and outdoor design. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(3), 513–519. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181cea27a

Fitria, T. A. (2018). Pengaruh Seting Ruang Terhadap Perilaku Pengguna Dengan Pendekatan Behavioral Mapping. Jurnal Arsitektur Dan Perencanaan (JUARA), 1(2), 183–206. https://doi.org/10.31101/juara.v1i2.775

Halim, H. A., & Alimuddin, A. A. (2016). Analisa Ruang Publik Koridor Jalan Ratulangi di Makassar. Jurnal Arsitektur, Kota Dan Permukiman (LOSARI), 1(1), 29–33

Hasanah, I. (2014). Pengaruh Activity Support Terhadap Kualitas Visual Koridor Jalan K.H. Agus Salim Semarang. Universitas Diponegoro

Hillier, B. (1996). Cities as Movement Economies. Urban Design International, 1(1), 41–60. https://doi.org/10.1057/udi.1996.5

Hillier, B. (1999). Centrality as a Process: Accounting for Attraction Inequalities in Deformed Grids. 4, 107–127

Hillier, B. (2007). Space is the Machine: A configurational theory of architecture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Hillier, B., & Hanson, J. (2003). The Social Logic of Space. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Hillier, B., Penn, A., Hanson, J., Grajewski, T., & Xu, J. (1993). Natural movement: or, configuration and attraction in urban pedestrian movement. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 20, 26–66. https://doi.org/10.3166/ges.14.73-100

Jacobs, J. (1961). The Death and Life of American Cities. New York: Random House

Jacobs, J. M. (1993). The city unbound: qualitative approaches to the city. Urban Studies, 30(4–5), 827–848. https://doi.org/10.1080/00420989320081931

Jati, D. R., Gultom, B. J. B., Affrilyno, & Andi. (2021). Kualitas Air dan Udara dari Kota Tepian Air : Analisis Morfologi pada Kota Pontianak. 19(1), 170–180. https://doi.org/10.14710/jil.19.1.170-180

Kementerian Dalam Negeri Republik Indonesia. (2012). Peraturan Menteri Dalam Negeri Republik Indonesia Nomor 41 tahun 2012 tentang Pedoman Penataan dan Pemberdayaan Pedagang Kaki Lima. Jakarta: Kementerian Dalam Negeri Republik Indonesia

Krier, R. (1979). Urban Space. London: Rizzoli International Publication Inc

Lida, V. A. O. (2016). Pengaruh Aktivitas Pendukung Terhadap Kenyamanan Pejalan Kaki Di Jl . Zainul Arifin Medan. Universitas Sumatera Utara

Lynch, K. (1960). The Image of the City. Cambridge: MIT Press

Moughtin, C. (2003). Urban Design: Street and Square (Third Edit). Oxford: Architectural Press

Netzell, O. (2013). The Effect of Accessibility on Retail Rents: Testing Integration Value as a Measure of Geographic Location. Journal of Property Research, 30(1), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/09599916.2012.713974

Pamungkas, H., & Arsandrie, Y. (2020). Behavioral Mapping Dan Adaptasi Terhadap Lingkungan Pada Squatter Settlements (Studi Kasus : Semanggi Rw 23 Surakarta). NALARs, 19(2), 115–130

Sasmito, A. (2011). Pendukung Kegiatan (Activity Support). Dinamika Sains, 9(20), 1–7

Setyowati, M. D. (2017). Pemanfaatan Pedestrian Ways di Koridor Komersial di Koridor Jalan Pemuda Kota Magelang Marcelina. Ruas, 15(1), 13–22

Siregar, J. P. (2014). Metodologi Dasar Space Syntax dalam Analisis Konfigurasi Ruang. Malang: Universitas Brawijaya

Shirvani, H. (1985). The Urban Design Process. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company

Sommer, B., & Sommer, R. (1991). A practical guide to behavioral research: Tools and techniques (3rd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press

Smardon, R., Palmer, J. E., & Felleman, J. P. (1986). Foundations for Visual Project Analysis. Canada: John Wiley & Sons, Inc

Turner, A., Doxa, M., O’Sullivan, D., & Penn, A. (2001). From Isovists to Visibility Graphs: A Methodology for The Analysis of Architectural Space. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 28, 103–121. https://doi.org/10.1068/b2684

Turner, A., & Penn, A. (1999). Making isovists syntactic : isovist integration analysis. 2nd International Symposium on Space Syntax 1999, 1–9

Utomo, A. N. (2008). Pengaruh Persepsi Penghuni dan Aktivitas Pendukung Terhadap Pertumbuhan Koridor ( Studi Kasus : Jl. Gajahmada Semarang). Universitas Diponegoro

Wijayaningsih, R. (2007). Keterkaitan Pedagang Kaki Lima Terhadap Kualitas dan Citra Ruang Publik di Koridor Kartini Semarang Pada Masa Pra-Pembongkaran (Studi Kasus : Penggal Jl.DR.Cipto – Jl.Barito). Universitas Diponegoro

Yudhanta, W. C. (2018). Pengaruh Konfigurasi dan Visibilitas Ruang Pada Aksesibilitas Studi Kasus pada Kawasan XT Square Yogyakarta. Jurnal Arsitektur KOMPOSISI, 12(1), 67. https://doi.org/10.24002/jars.v12i1.1647




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/jmars.v9i2.47451

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office/Publisher Address:
Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Tanjungpura Pontianak, Jl. Prof. Dr. H. Hadari Nawawi, Pontianak, 78124, Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia. 

Email: jmars@untan.ac.id