DESCRIPTIONS OF FLUID INTAKE AND HYDRATION STATUS IN PANTI SOSIAL TRESNA WERDHA MULIA DHARMA KUBU RAYA REGENCY

Vini Cahyani .

Abstract


Background: Dehydration has been linked with high morbidity and
mortality. During aging process, many physiological changes put the
elderly at greater risk of dehydration. Decreasing sensation of thirsty can
caused low fluid consumption in elderly and they may be purposely restrict
the consumption in manner to lower frequency of urination. Maintaining
hydration is essential for elderly health. Objective: The purpose of this
research was to determine distribution of fluid intake and hydration status
in elderly who lived in Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Mulia Dharma Kubu
Raya Regency. Method: This research was descriptive study with cross
sectional approach. Data were collected from 41 elderly people aged 6079

years old. Data were recruited with consecutive sampling technique.
This research was implemented in Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Mulia
Dharma Kubu Raya on February 2014. Fluid intake was measured by food
frequence quesioner (FFQ) and hydration status was detected by urin
chart. Result: There were 65,4% elderly with inadequate fluid intake and
61% elderly had dehydration, among them were 34,1% male and 26,8%
female with dehydration, dehydration occurred in 4,9% elderly with
malnutrition, 29,3% in elderly with risk of malnutrion and 26,8% in elderly
with normal status nutrition. Conclusion: Inadequate fluids intake can
evoke dehydration in elderly. It makes fluid consumption should be
seriously noted, hydration status can be monitored by using urin chart.

Keywords: fluid, dehydration, elderly

1) Medical School, Faculty of Medicine, Tanjungpura University
Pontianak, West Kalimantan
2) Department of Community Medicine, Family and Public Health,
Medical School, Faculty of Medicine, Tanjungpura University
Pontianak, West Kalimantan
3) Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanjungpura
University Pontianak, West Kalimantan

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