Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Penyakit Stroke menggunakan Metode Fuzzy Tsukamoto dengan Basis Pengetahuan Framingham Risk Score

Arief Andy Soebroto, Muhammad Tanzil Furqon, Eko Ari Setijono Marhendraputro, Wildan Ziaulhaq

Abstract


Penyakit stroke adalah salah kerusakan pada otak yang muncul secara mendadak akibat gangguan peredaran darah otak non-traumatis. Gangguan tersebut dapat berupa pembuluh darah tersumbat yang dapat menghambat atau menghentikan aliran darah ke otak. Penyakit stroke di Indonesia telah mengalami peningkatan, angka prevalensi per mil telah meningkat dari 7% pada tahun 2013 menjadi sebesar 10,9% pada tahun 2018. Penyakit stroke dapat dikurangi dengan melakukan deteksi dini pada masyarakat supaya dapat melakukan tindakan preventif. Deteksi dini penyakit stroke memiliki kondisi data yang semi terstruktur karena banyaknya faktor untuk mengidentifikasi risiko penyakit stroke. Kondisi data semi terstruktur akan mempersulit deteksi dini penyakit stroke sehingga diperlukan alat bantu berupa sistem pendukung keputusan (SPK). Penelitian dilakukan dengan membangun sistem pendukung keputusan deteksi dini penyakit stroke menggunakan metode Fuzzy Tsukamoto. Model basis pengetahuan menggunakan Framingham Risk Score sebagai dasar untuk pembuatan aturan (rule) klasifikasi dengan 120 data pasien Puskesmas Kendalkerep Kota Malang. Hasil pengujian yang didapatkan adalah akurasi sebesar 0,8444, presisi sebesar 0,7801, recall sebesar 0,796, specificity sebesar 0,8891, dan F1 score sebesar 0,751.


Keywords


Deteksi Dini; Framingham Risk Score; Fuzzy Tsukamoto; Penyakit Stroke; Sistem Pendukung Keputusan

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/jp.v8i2.56362

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