Prototipe Peringatan Dini Banjir dengan Menerapkan Teknologi Internet of Thing

Supriadi Supriadi, Agusma Wajiansyah, Arief Bramanto Wicaksono Putra

Abstract


Salah satu dampak nyata dari perubahan iklim adalah banjir yang telah terjadi lebih sering di banyak wilayah padat penduduk dan menyebabkan dampak pada kehidupan manusia dan mata pencaharian. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah membangun algoritma untuk memudahkan seseorang atau pengguna dapat mengetahui kondisi dan mendapat peringatan tentang ketinggian permukaan air terhadap permukaan jalan raya. Pengguna dapat memonitor ketinggian air dengan menggunakan smartphone apabila ketinggian permukaan air kanal dibawah permukaan jalan, dan pengguna akan mendapat peringatan apabila tiba-tiba permukaan air meningkat melebihi permukaan jalan secara real time. Untuk medapatkan ketinggian permukaan air kanal, dengan cara memanfaatkan rambatan gelombang suara ultrasonit yang dipantulkan pada obyek. Dengan diketahuinya jarak obyek, maka dapat dilakukan komputasi untuk mengetaui ketinggian permukaan air kanal. Nilai ketinggian permukaan air kanal dikrim melalui jaringan internet menuju Internet of Thing (IoT) cloud server  yang dapat di monitor oleh pengguna. Sedangkan nilai ketinggian permukaan air kanal yang tidak normal akan menjadi keputusan untuk memberi interupsi peringatan kepada pengguna, apabila pengguna sedang tidak dalam keadaan sedang memantau. Hasil percobaan pada prototipe ini mampu memberikan representasi variabel ketinggian permukaan air dalam bentuk grafis dan nilai numerik, serta mampu memberi peringatan pada pengguna melalui smartphone. Sistem peringatan dini banjir mampu merepresentasikan data dalam bentuk level vertikal dan data numerik dengan tinggkat ketinggian air paling rendah adalah -150 cm dan paling tinggi 130 cm, dengan representasi nilai 0 cm apabila tingkat ketinggian  permukaan air sejajar dengan permukaan badan jalan. Interupsi peringatan muncul apabila nilai tingkat ketinggian air lebih dari 0 cm.

Keywords


Banjir, IoT, Sensor, Ketinggian Air, Ultrasonic

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/jp.v7i1.43052

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