Collaborative Management for Public Facilities and Biogas on the Village Land

Zaflis Zaim


A village land is an asset belonging to the village or common goods, not belonging to individuals, foundations, Institution or companies so that it must be used for the benefit of the village or the administration of government. This research identified the constraints on the use of Bengkok as a village land, exploring the format of collaborative management (co-management) in the utilization of Biogas installation and public facilities such as: composting, chopper, water tank, play group, meeting room and warehouse. The research method was taken with in-depth interview and observation to obtain the data through all member of the farmer groups, the religious and community leaders, and village government staff. The results indicated that the utilization and management of the village land by farmer groups were not yet optimal. The cow's milk production was still quite small, volatile, and tended to decline. The decreased milk production resulted in the loss of other processed products such as soap, candy and crackers from milk ingredients. Other impacts included the closing of the business opportunities for fertilizer from livestock manure, and the passive supply of household gas obtained from the biogas installation. This research initiated the need for the role of 5 stakeholders, namely Ungaran Regency government, village government, private parties, social institution, and the local communities in order to collaborate on Biogas and public facilities management. The social institutions were formed to repair or improve the Biogas management and water supply for all facilities on the village land.


Social institution, Bengkok, Common goods, Village land, Co-management

Full Text:



Armitage, D., Berkes, F., Doubleday, N. (2007), “Adaptive Co-Management: Collaboration, Learning, and Multi-level Governance”. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver

Borrini-Feyerabend, G., Farvar, M.T., Nguinguiri, J.C., Ndangang, V. (2000) “Co-management of Natural Resources: Organizing Negotiation and Learning by Doing”, Kasparek., Heidelberg Germany


Berkes, F., George, P., Preston, R., (1991) “Co-management: the evolution of the theory and practice of joint administration of living resources”, Alternatives 18 (2), 12–18

Berkes, F (2009) “Evolution of co-management: Role of knowledge generation, bridging organizations and social learning”, Journal of Environmental Management 90, 1692–1702

Bzn, B. Ter Haar (1983).”Asas-Asas dan Susunan Hukum Adat”, Pradnya Paramita, Jakarta, Indonesia

Be´ne´, C., Neiland, A.E. (2004) “Empowerment reform, yes. But empowerment of whom? Fisheries decentralization reforms in developing countries: a critical assessment with specific reference to poverty reduction”. Aquatic Resources, Culture and Development 1, 35–49

Carlssona., Lars, Berkes. Fikret (2005) “Co-management: concepts and methodological implications”, Journal of Environmental Management 75, 65–76

CIFOR (2008) “Adaptive Collaborative Management Can Help us Cope with Climate Change”, Info brief No. 13. Center for International Forestry Research. 4 pp

Khator, Renu., (2009) “Bureaucracy and the Environmental Crisis: A Comparative Perspective in Bureaucracy and Administration”, Farazman, Ali (Edt). Taylor and Francis Group, New York

Kofinas, G., (2002) “Community contributions to ecological monitoring: knowledge co-production in the U.S”, Canada Arctic Borderlands. In: Krupnik, I., Jolly, D (Eds.), The Earth is Faster Now. Arctic Research Consortium of the United States, pp. 54–91. Fairbanks

Maurer, Jean-Luc. (1994) “Pamong Desa or Raja Desa dalam Leadership in Java: Gentle Hints, Authoritarian Rule” (by Antlöv, H. & Cederroth. S) Routledge & Curzon, pp 105-106

Mutimukuru, T., Kozanyi, W., Nyrenda, R. (2006) “Catalyzing collaborative monitoring process in joint forest management situations: the Mafungautsi forest case, Zimbabwe”. Society and Natural Resources 19, 209–224

Olsson, P., Folke, C., Hahn, T., (2004). “Social-ecological transformation for ecosystem management: the development of adaptive co-management of a wetland landscape in southern Sweden”, Ecology and Society 9 (4), 2

Available from:

Rusdianto, Akhmad Zakky (2015) “Analisis Yuridis terhadap Pengelolaan Tanah Bengkok Di Desa Sepanyul, Kecamatan Gudo Kabupaten Jombang”, Skripsi, Fakultas Hukum Universitas Negeri Semarang

Ramelan, Eman (1999) Keberadaan Tanah Bengkok atau Ganjaran Dalam Perspektif Hukum di Indonesia, Jurnal Yuridika, Vol 14.

Singleton, S., (1998) Constructing Cooperation: The Evolution of Institutions of Co-management, University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor

Sanoff, Henry (2000) “Community Participation Methods in Design and Planning”, John Wiley and Sons Incorporate Canada.

The World Bank, (1999) “Report from the International Workshop on Community-Based natural Resource Management (CBNRM)”, Washington, DC, 10–14 May 1998. URL:

Tjiptabudy, Jantje and La Ode Angga (2020) “Customary Rights Regulations in the Eti Village of West Seram Regency Maluku Province”, International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, Vol. 9 (01)

Tobing, Ary Anggraito (2009) “Eksistensi Tanah Bengkok Setelah Berubahnya Pemerintahan Desa Menjadi Kelurahan Di Kota Salatiga”, Tesis, Program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Diponegoro Semarang.

Undang-Undang Pokok Agraria (Agrarian Law number: 5 / 1960).

Undang-Undang Desa (Village Law number: 6 / 2014)

Wicaksono, Anggit & Dwiyana, Achmad (2016) “Pengelolaan Tanah Bengkok sebagai Hak Asal Usul Setelah Berlakunya Undang-Undang Nomor 6/2014 tentang Desa: Studi Kasus Di Kabupaten Kudus”, Jurnal Program Studi Ilmu Hukum Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Muria Kudus.

Wollenberg, E., Iwan, R., Limberg, G., Moeliono, M., Rhee, S., Sudana, M. (2007) “Facilitating cooperation during times of chaos: Spontaneous orders and muddling through in Malinau District, Indonesia”, Ecology and Society 12 (1), 3.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 UNIPLAN: Journal of Urban and Regional Planning

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Tanjungpura Pontianak, Jl. Prof. Dr. H. Hadari Nawawi, Pontianak, 78124, Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia.
Email: [email protected]