Adhitya Rahardhian


This research aims to determine the effect of the STEM-based PjBL model on students' critical thinking abilities on dynamic electrical material. The research method used is a quasi-experimental one-group pretest-posttest design. The sampling technique of this research is non-probability sampling in the form of purposive sampling, which takes a sample of 31 students from 8th grade SMP Negeri 2 Balai. The research instrument is the critical thinking test and student responses questionnaire. The critical thinking form test is multiple-choice accompanied by reasons totaling 10 questions. The student response questionnaire consisted of 15 questions. The STEM project that the students worked on was a miniature energy-efficient house. The result of questionnaires conducted by students, known majority of students has good responses to the STEM-based PjBL learning. The result of the paired t-test analysis using IBM SPSS Statistics 25, shows that Sig. (2-tailed) is 0.000. It means a significant difference average between the pretest and posttest scores. The students' average posttest scores were higher than the average pretest scores.


Critical Thinking, PjBL, STEM, Dynamic Electricity

Full Text:



Al-Ahmadi, F. M. A. (2008). The Development of Scientific Thinking with Senior School Physics Students [Doctoral dissertation, University of Glasgow]. Retrived from

Amanda, S., Muharrami, L. K., Rosidi, I., & Ahied, M. (2018). Peningkatan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa pada pembelajaran IPA menggunakan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah yang berbasis SETS. Natural Science Education Research, 1(1), 57-64. Retrivied from

Becker, K. H., & Park, K. (2011). Integrative Approaches among Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Subjects on Students Learning: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of STEM Education, 12(5 & 6), 23–37. Retrivied from

Bédard, D., Lison, C., Dalle, D., Côté, D., & Boutin, N. (2012). Problem-based and project-based learning in engineering and medicine: determinants of students’ engagement and persistance. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 6(2). DOI:

Beers, S. Z. (2011). 21st century skills: preparing students for their future. STEM science, technology, engineering, math. Retrived from

Black, S. (2005). Teaching Students to Think Critically. The Education Digest, 70(6), 42-47. Retrived from

Duran, M. & Sendag, S. (2012). A Preliminary Investigation into Critical Thinking Skills of Urban High School Students: Role of an IT/STEM Program. Scientific Research Creative Education. 3(2), 241-250. DOI:

Gandi, A. S. K., Haryani, S & Setiawan, D. (2021). The Effect of Project-Based Learning Integrated STEM Toward Critical Thinking Skill. Journal of Primary Education, 10(1), 18 – 23. Retrivied from

Hartono, Sunarno, W., Sarwanto & Nugraha, D. A. (2017). Analysis of critical thinking ability in direct current electrical problems solving. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 909. DOI:

Kealey, B. T., Holland, J., & Watson, M. (2005). Preliminary evidence on the association between critical thinking and performance in principles of accounting. Issues in Accounting Education, 20(1), 33-49. DOI:

Kiptum, M. G. (2015). Difficulty physics topics in Kenyan secondary schools : A case study of Uasin Gishu County. Scholarly Journal of Education, 4(4), 72–81. Retrivied from

Lutfi, Ismail & Azis, A. A. (2018). Pengaruh Project Based Learning Terintegrasi Stem Terhadap Literasi Sains, Kreativitas dan Hasil Belajar Peserta Didik. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Biologi dan Pembelajarannya, 189-194. Retrived from

Mahbubah, K., Rusdiana, D., Juanda, E., Hermita, N., Hakim, I., & Samsudin, A. (2018). Constructing secondary students’ critical thinking skill test on heat concept. International Conference on Mathematics and Science Education of Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, 3, 221-226. Retrieved from

Misbah., Mahtari, S., Wati, M., & Harto, M. (2018). Analysis of Students' Critical Thinking Skills in Dynamic Electrical Material. Kasuari: Physics Education Journal, 1(2), 103-110. DOI:

Obafemi, D. T. A. & Onwioduokit, F. A. (2013). Identification of Difficult Concepts in Senior Secondary School Two (SS2) Physics Curriculum in Rivers State. Nigeria Asian Journal of Education and e-Learning, 1(5), 317-322. Retrivied from

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2019). PISA 2018 results (volume I): what students know and can do. Paris: OECD Publishing. DOI:

Rahardhian, A. (2019). Mari belajar tentang STEM. Surabaya: Kanaka Media.

Ramos, J. L. S., Dolipas, B. B., & Villamor, B. B. (2013). Higher order thinking skills and academic performance in physics of college students: a regression analysis. International Journal of Innovative Interdisciplinary Research, 4, 48-60.

Sugiyono. (2007). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Tiruneh, D., Cock, M., Weldeslassie, A., Elen, J., & Janssen, R. (2017). Measuring Critical Thiniking in Physics: Development and Validation of a Critical Thinking Test in Electricity and Magnetism. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 15, 663-682. DOI:

Wijayanti, A., & Fajriyah, K. (2018). Implementation of stem project based learning to increase scientific work skills of prospective students of primary school teacher. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains, 6(2), 62-69. DOI:

Yanuar, Y. (2018). Miniatur rumah ramah energi. Bandung: SEAMEO QITEP In Science.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Indexed By: 


Published By:

Program Studi Pendidikan Fisika, Fakultas Keguruan & Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Tanjungpura,
Jl. Prof. Dr. Hadari Nawawi, Pontianak 78124, Indonesia

email :[email protected]

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.