Using modified guided writing and role-play to motivate students to practice speaking

Susan Dewi, Yohanes Gatot Sutapa Yuliana, Melti Oktavianda


The ability to speak in English is one of the requisite skills for vocational high school students majoring in hospitality training. However, most tenth-grade students manifested insufficient skills in speaking English, which resulted in low confidence in speaking. To cope with the challenge, the researchers implemented modified role-play and guided writing to stimulate students in speaking English in classroom action research. The procedure of the research consisted of planning, acting, observing and reflecting. The researchers employed observation, questionnaire, documentation and field notes in collecting the data. The research findings presented that the students’ motivation to practice their speaking had increased significantly. Thus, the researchers conclude that role-play and guided writing can be used as a communicative activity where students can simultaneously practise and improve their proficiency in communicating. The researchers also propose suggestion to fellow English teachers to effectively manage the time as well as engaging media to create an enjoyable atmosphere in the teaching-learning process through role-play and guided writing.


guided writing; role-play; motivation; speaking

Full Text:



Anderson, W,. Orin and Krathwohl, R, David (2001). A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing. Copyright 2001 by Addition Wesley Long Man.

Anne, A Dorathy. (2011). Second Language Acquisition Through Task Based Approach Role Play in English Language Teaching (Journal ESP World ISSN1682-3257; Issue 33 Volume 11, 2011).

Ardriyati,W. (2009). Motivating Students Speaking Skill Through Simulation In Business English Classroom, Portal Garuda.

Asmara,U. Husna. (2015). Leadership (Theory and Application) Fahruna Bahagia, Pontianak.

Abdul., A.Wahab. (2009). Metode dan Model-Model Mengajar. Alfabeta, CV, Bandung.

Bergin,A.David (1999) Influences or Classroom Interest. University of Toledo.Educational Psychologist,34 (2) 87-98, Copyright 1999.Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Broughton,G,.Brumfit,C., Flavelt,R.., Hill,P., & Pincas A (1980) Teaching English As A Foreign Language(Second ed) London: Routledge.

Burns,A. (2010) Doing Action Research in English Language Teaching. A Guide for Practitioners. New York: Routledge.

Butler.M.Susan and MC.Muan,D. Nancy A Teacher's Guide to Classroom Assesment. Understanding and Using Assesment to Improve Student learning.

Creswell, W.John (2012) Planning, Conducting and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research, fouth Edition, Pearson Highed.Com.

Diedrich.,l. Jennifer (2010, p 6) Motivating Students using Positive Reiinforcement, Education and Human Development Master's Theses Paper 9. The College at Brockport STate University of New York

Direktorat Pendidikan Menengah Kejuruan (DIT PSMK, 2006, KD 1.7.4) Silabus Bahasa Inggris Kelas X.Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Senayan Jakarta10270

Erasma,Y.Gatot Sutapa.,Urai Salam Improving Students Speaking Ability in Class Through The Role Play Technique. Nitro Pdf Professional p 1.

Fida, N (2013). Improving Speaking Ability of Kindergarten Students by Using Rola Play.Journal Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris STKIP PGRI Sidoarjo Vol 1, No 1, April 2013. ISSN: 2337- 9278 .

Griffiths, C. (2008). Lesson from Good Language Learners. Cambridge University Press: New York.

Harmer,J (2001) The Practice of English Language Teaching (Third ed): Pearson Long Man..United Kingdom

Harmer,J (2001) How to Teach English , England: Pearson Education United.

Joyce,B., Weil,M & Calhoun,E (2009) Models of Teaching (Eight ed) United States of America : Pearson Education Inc.

Freeman.,D.Larsen (2000). Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching. New York: Oxford University Press.

Lasagabaster, D. et al (2014) Motivation and Foreign Language Learning From Theory to Practice p.1,2014.University of Basque Country GPU/EHU., John Benjamin Publishing Company, Amsterdam/ Philadelphia.

Liu F., & Yun Ding (2009) Role Play is English Language Teaching School of Foreign Languages, Qingdao University of Science and Technology 2001, China Journal volume 5 (10 October 2009) Asian Social Science

Luoma, S. (2009.). Assessing Speaking. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mills, G.E (2003) Action Research: A Guide for The Teacher Researcher (Vol. Second Edition. Columbus Ohio: Merrill Prentice Hall

McNiff .J ( 2006) Teaching as Leraning An Action Research Apprpach. New York: Routledge.

Newton,J (2009) Teaching ESL/EFL Listening and Speaking . New York: Routledge.

Ningsih, S (2016) Guided Writing to Improve The Students' Writing Ability of Junior High Shool Student, EFL Journal Vol 1.No.2,2016.www,efljournal,org.

Nunan, D. (2015) Teaching English to Speakers of Other Language 711 third Avenue, New York.

Richards,J.C (2006) Communicative Language Teaching Today.New York: Cambridge University Press.

Richards,J.C (2008) Teaching Listening and Speaking From Theory to Practice. New York;Cambridge University Press

Roger, S and Evans, Yulie (2008). Inside Role Play in Early Childhood Education. Researching Young Children's perspective 270 Madison Avenue, New York NY10016 PDF

Tomal,D,R (2010) Action Research For Educators, New York: Rowman and Little Field Publisher,Inc.

Usman, B (2016) Using The Guided Writing to Improve the Students' writing of Analytical Exposition Texts. English Education Journal(EEJ), 7(1) 29- 45,

Wahab, A.Azis. (2009) Metode dan Model Mengajar IPS Alfabeta, Bandung.

West, R., & Lynn, T. H. (2010). Intoducing Communication Theory; Analysis and Application. New York , NY 10020 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 by the author(s)

JOURNAL OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING INNOVATIONS AND MATERIALS (JELTIM) is published by the Language Center of Universitas Tanjungpura in collaboration the with the English Language Teaching Materials (ELTeaM) association  [Download MoU]. The publication of this journal is indexed by Arjuna (Sinta-2)Google Scholar, ROAD, Garuda, Scilit, Crossref, Research Gate, and Dimensions


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution
NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

View My Stats