Developing an Instructional Scaffolding to Enhance Learners' Engagement in EFL Learning

Mildayanti Mildayanti


This study aims to develop an instructional scaffolding to enhance learners’ engagement for the eighth-grade learners. This study employed ADDIE model in developing the teaching strategy: analyze, design, develop, implement and evaluation. However, the last phase of the model which is e for evaluation is excluded. In collecting the data for this study, the writer distributed need analysis questionnaire and interview. The former was directed to the learners while the latter was directed to the teacher. The results of the interview and questionnaire became the foundation for the writer to develop the instructional scaffolding as a teaching strategy. The observation sheet was administrated during the implementation phase. The result of the need analysis defined that majority of learners faced learning difficulties especially in their engagement in the classroom. Based on that result, the instructional scaffolding is developed to overcome these difficulties as well as enhance the learners’ engagement. From the implementation, it was revealed that the instructional scaffolding is proven to be effective in addressing the learning difficulties that learners have previously and can enhance their engagement in the classroom.
Keywords: instructional scaffolding, learners’ engagement, ADDIE model

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