Verry Andre Fabiani, Nelly Wahyuni, Ridho Brilliantoro, Mellisa Nurul Safitri


Silica gel synthesis from glass waste have been carried out with activation and purification method by using hydrochloride acid. Hydrochloride acid were varied 8 N, 10 N, and 12 N to observe optimum concentration in purification of silica gel and component separation in chromatography column. Gravimetric analysis result showed 12 N hydrochloride acid produce ~100 % silica. XRD and FTIR analysis revealed that synthetic gel silica was amorphous where its IR absorption bands were at 3426 cm-1, 1620 cm-1, 1080 cm-1, 772 cm-1 and 478 cm-1. The absorption bands agreed to standard gel silica and spectrum. The most effective HCl in gel silica synthesis was 12 N, caused by its ability to separate color component in a column. The synthetic silica that can be applied as stationary phase in column chromatography.

Full Text:



. Hessien, M. M., Rashad, M. M., Zaky, R. R., Abdel-Aal, E. A. & El-Barawy, K. A., Controlling the synthesis conditions for silica nanosphere from semi-burned rice straw. Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology, 162(1): (2009).

. Gómez, J. M., Galán, J., Rodríguez, A. & Walker, G. M., Dye adsorption onto mesoporous materials: PH influence, kinetics and equilibrium in buffered and saline media. J. Environ. Manage., 146: 355–361 (2014).

. Najafi, M., Yousefi, Y. & Rafati, A. A., Synthesis, characterization and adsorption studies of several heavy metal ions on amino-functionalized silica nano hollow sphere and silica gel. Sep. Purif. Technol., 85: 193–205 (2012).

. Yao, Y., Zhang, W. & Liu, S., Feasibility study on power ultrasound for regeneration of silica gel-A potential desiccant used in air-conditioning system. Appl. Energy, 86(11): 2394–2400 (2009).

. Liu, X., Wang, A., Zhang, T., Su, D. S. & Mou, C. Y., Au-Cu alloy nanoparticles supported on silica gel as catalyst for CO oxidation: Effects of Au/Cu ratios. Catal. Today, 160(1): 103–108 (2011).

. Tungkananurak, K., Kerdsiri, S., Jadsadapattarakul, D. & Burns, D. T., Semi-micro preparation and characterization of mesoporous silica microspheres from rice husk sodium silicate using a non-ionic surfactant as a template: Application in normal phase HPLC columns. Microchim. Acta, 159(3–4): 217–222 (2007).

. Ali, E. E. & Al-Tersawy, S. H., Recycled glass as a partial replacement for fine aggregate in self compacting concrete. Constr. Build. Mater., 35: 785–791 (2012).

. Torres-Carrasco, M. & Puertas, F., Waste glass as a precursor in alkaline activation: Chemical process and hydration products. Constr. Build. Mater., 139: 342–354 (2017).

. Coleman, N. J., Li, Q. & Raza, A., Synthesis, structure and performance of calcium silicate ion exchangers from recycled container glass. Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process., 50(1): 5–16 (2014).

. Korkosz, A., Ptaszynska, A., Hanel, A., Niewiadomski, M. & Hupka, J., Cullet as filter medium for swimming pool water treatment. Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process., 48(1): 295–301 (2012).

. Vafaei, M. & Allahverdi, A., High strength geopolymer binder based on waste-glass powder. Adv. Powder Technol., (October): 1–8 (2016). doi:10.1016/j.apt.2016.09.034

. Zhu, H. Y., Chen, W., Zhou, W. & Byars, E. A., Expansion behaviour of glass aggregates in different testing for alkali-silica reactivity. Mater. Struct., 42(4): 485–494 (2009).

. Sriyanti., Taslimah., Nuryono. & Narsito., Pengaruh Keasaman Medium Dan Imobilisasi Gugus Organik Pada Karakter Silika Gel Dari Abu Sekam Padi. Jska, VIII(3): 1–12 (2005).

. Scott, R.P.W. Silica Gel and Bonded Phases. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Chichester. (1993).

. Silverstein, R.M. Webster, F.X. & Kiemle, D.J. Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds. John Wiley & Sons. (2005).



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IJoPAC)

p-ISSN : 2620-8571, e-ISSN : 2620-858X5

Office Address:

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Tanjungpura, Jl. Prof. Dr. Hadari Nawawi, Pontianak, Indonesia 78124

Contact Person: +6289644694946, +6281236728813

Email: [email protected]

Supported by: