Portable Pico-hydro Power Plant with Archimedes Screw Turbine in Pelangi Reservoir of Universitas Islam Indonesia

iftitah imawati, Millen Febiansyah, Enaya Kafka Garuda Novtrianda, Husein Mubarok

Abstract


Indonesia has a lot of potential to build hydroelectric power plants because of its size and abundance of water. As in the Islamic University of Indonesia, there is a Pelangi Reservoir which has the potential to develop a pico-hydro power plant. A portable pico hydro system is needed to generate electricity properly. In this study, the pico hydro generator system was designed starting from the turbine, pulley, generator, controller, battery to the load. In the process, the voltage and current generated by this portable pico hydro generator system will be observed. By using a screw turbine, the team designed the system to optimally utilize Pelangi Reservoir water flow. The DC generator was chosen as a converter of kinetic energy into electrical energy because with low rotation, and a stable DC generator produces direct electricity. Several changes from design to reality were made so that the system could work according to field conditions and not damage the ecosystem around Pelangi reservoir. According to the test results, the current pico-hydro system at Pelangi Reservoir UII can generate a maximum power of 8.544 watts and an average discharge of 7.1532 L/second. The power can increase if the water flow has a larger discharge. If the large discharge flow is balanced by the robustness of the turbine and system. At low conditions, the system can charge a battery with a capacity of 12 volts 4 Ah with a water flow rate of 4.807 L/second, which is 9.9 volts to 12.2 volts in 36 minutes. The efficiency of hydroelectric power generation (Pico-hydro) then increases to 16.71%. The system can generate 86.49 watts of electricity at 1500 rpm on the generator.


Keywords


DC Generator, Pico hydro, Screw Turbine

Full Text:

PDF

References


Pangestu, Dwi Ajis dan Nurwijayanti, “Pembangkit Tenaga Listrik Tenaga Air Dengan Teknik Turbulent Whirlpool”, vol.5, no 3, 2021.

Kholiq, “Pemanfaatan Energi Alternatif Sebagai Energi Terbarukan untuk Mendukung Substitusi BBM”, no. 2, hlm. 17, 2015.

Fitriani, Feni Freycinetia, “Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Uap - Pengertian, Sejarah, Cara Kerja, Kelebihan & Kekurangan PLTU”, 17 Juli 2021.(diakses 27 Februari 2022).

Asmara, Silvester Sandy, “STUDI POTENSI PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK TENAGA PIKO HIDRO DI ALIRAN SUNGAI SEKITAR BANGUNMULYO GIRIKERTO, TURI, SLEMAN”, vol. 1, no 1-5, Mei 2016.

Purwanto, Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Mikrohidro (PLTMH) Sebuah Pilihan : Belajar dari Koperasi Mekar Sari, Subang. Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI). 2017

A.H. Elbatran, etc. Hydro Power and Turbine Systems Reviews. Jurnal Teknologi.2015.

X0. Christos Charisiadi. An introductory presentation to the "Archimedean Screw" as a Low Head Hydropower Generator. WATENV. 2015.

Borah S. A Theoretical Study of Design Parameters of an Archimedean Screw Turbine. Journal of Material Science and Mechanical Engineering (JMSME). 2015.

Pasaribu, Remon. Rancang Bangun Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Piko Hidro Terapung Menggunakan Turbin Crossflow. Repositori USU. 2020.

I. A. Sunardi, "Pembuatan Prototype Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Pikohidro," PROGRAM STUDI TEKNIK ELEKTRO JURUSAN PENDIDIKAN TEKNIK ELEKTRO UNIVERSITAS NEGERI YOGYAKARTA, Yogyakarta, 2017. (Diakses Feb. 22,2022).

A. Havendri dan H. Lius, “Perancangan dan Realisasi Model Prototipe Turbin Air Type Screw (Archimedean Turbine) untuk Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Mikrohidro dengan Head Rendah di Indonesia,” J. Tek., vol. 31, 2009




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/elkha.v14i2.57770

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 ELKHA : Jurnal Teknik Elektro

Editorial Office/Publisher Address:
Editor Jurnal Elkha, Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Tanjungpura,
Jl. Prof. Dr. Hadari Nawawi, Pontianak 78124, Indonesia

website : http://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/Elkha
email : jurnal.elkha@untan.ac.id

ORCID iD : https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0779-1277

Assiciated with :

MoU FORTEI - ELKHA

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.