Implementation of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) for Earthquake Detection

Imanuel Sitanggang, Joy A. I. Damanik, Fajar Hutabarat, Albert Sagala


The current earthquake monitoring system uses a seismometer that can capture seismic vibrations very well but is expensive, heavy, and difficult to launch. Therefore, earthquake monitoring stations can only be launched in a few places in small numbers. This study aims to implement a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) system for earthquake monitoring. The WSN system has advantages in cost, size, and ease of launch, so it is very appropriate to be used for this purpose. An earthquake detection sensor system has been designed in this study using a vibration sensor and a piezoelectric sensor. When an earthquake occurs, the resulting shock will trigger the vibration sensor and activate the sensor node. The shock data is then captured by the piezo sensor and processed by the microcontroller using Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) to determine the frequency value of the shock. The data is then sent to a gateway via a sensor network and uploaded to the Cayenne monitoring website. Operators can then view the data on the website. Three sensor nodes are implemented in this study. The test is done by placing those sensor nodes together in random positions. A shock is then given to the three sensor nodes, and the resulting data is then observed. The results show that the three sensors can detect, retrieve, process, and send shock data to the Cayenne monitoring website.


Earthquake Detection, Disaster Monitoring, Wireless Sensor Network

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