Design and Build Miniature Production System (MPS) on Handling Station and Sort Station Using Cascade Controller

Muhamad Yusuf, Sugeng Dwi Riyanto, Hera Susanti

Abstract


The sorting process based on color generally still uses human power. This has a weakness, i.e., human judgements that are subjective and inconsistent, and work that is done repeatedly can cause saturation. So, the purpose of this research is to create a sorting system in Miniature Production System (MPS) that can select objects based on color using a TCS3200 color sensor. The novelty of this research is that it can detect primary and secondary colors of an object. The process of moving objects from the storage unit to the sorting section uses a pneumatic cylinder which acts as a handling station. The handling station uses 3 cylinders to move the vertical, horizontal axes and clamp the workpiece. The movement of each cylinder is regulated by a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) where the ladder diagram is based on the step diagram. Simplification of the step diagram is achieved by using a cascade controller. The testing results shows that this system can sort objects by color with a success rate of 86%. Tests on the handling station show that the average workpiece removal process takes 11.30 seconds with air pressure of 4-5 bar in the cylinder.


Keywords


Cascade controller, handling station, MPS (Miniature Production System), TCS3200

Full Text:

PDF

References


R. D. P. Sari and S. I. Oktora, “Determinan Produktivitas Tenaga Kerja Industri Manufaktur Besar dan Sedang di Pulau Jawa,” J. Ekon. dan Pembang. Indones., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 185–203, 2021, doi: 10.21002/jepi.v21i2.1298.

Taufiq, Modul Mekantronika Modular Production System (MPS) Stasiun Dist ribusi Dengan Siemens S7- 300. Jakarta: Direktorat Pembinaan Kemendikbud, 2017.

Supriono and S.D Panjaitan, “Manajemen Daya Listrik dengan Sistem Automatic Transfer and Synchronization Switch berbasis PLC,” JNTETI, vol. 4 no 3, pp 188 - 196, 2015 Doi : 10.22146 /jnteti.v4i3.162

E. M. Sartika, R. Sarjono, and H. X. Chrisophras, “Sistem Pick and Place Dua Derajat Kebebasan menggunakan Metoda Regresi,” ELKOMIKA J. Tek. Energi Elektr. Tek. Telekomun. Tek. Elektron., vol. 7, no. 3, p. 521, 2019, doi: 10.26760/elkomika.v7i3.521.

Sudaryono, Modul Pelatihan Guru: Perekayasaan Sistem Robotika Modular Production System (MPS). Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 2016.

S. S. Nerkar, “Temperature Control using PLC and LabVIEW Integration,” Int. J. Futur. Revolut. Comput. Sci. Commun. Eng., vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 325–330, 2018.

A. Toedtheide, E. Shahriari, and S. Haddadin, “Tank based unified torque/impedance control for a pneumatically actuated antagonistic robot joint,” in 2017 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2017, pp. 1255–1262.

D. Tanojo, “Kontrol Modular Production System Berbasis PLC Siemens S7-300 dengan Menggunakan HMI Touch Panel,” CALYPTRA, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2015.

Y. Efendi, “Desain dan Verifikasi Kontrol Cascade Pengendali Suhu Berbasis Fuzzy-PID dan PI pada Heat Exchanger,” JTEV (Jurnal Tek. Elektro dan Vokasional), vol. 5, no. 1.1, pp. 107–113, 2019.

S. Mayer and C. Endisch, “Adaptive production control in a modular assembly system based on partial look-ahead scheduling,” in 2019 IEEE international conference on mechatronics (ICM), 2019, vol. 1, pp. 293–300.

L. Chikh, P. Poignet, F. Pierrot, and M. Michelin, “A predictive robust cascade position-torque control strategy for Pneumatic Artificial Muscles,” in Proceedings of the 2010 American Control Conference, 2010, pp. 6022–6029.

A. Campos-Rodríguez, J. P. García-Sandoval, V. González-Álvarez, and A. González-Álvarez, “Hybrid cascade control for a class of nonlinear dynamical systems,” J. Process Control, vol. 76, pp. 141–154, 2019.

H. Endaryoko, “Pembuatan Program Pengatur Festo Sorting Station dan Analisa Dinamik pada Modular Automation Production System (Maps),” 2011.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/elkha.v14i1.49747

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 ELKHA

Editorial Office/Publisher Address:
Editor Jurnal Elkha, Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Tanjungpura,
Jl. Prof. Dr. Hadari Nawawi, Pontianak 78124, Indonesia

website : http://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/Elkha
email : jurnal.elkha@untan.ac.id

ORCID iD : https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0779-1277

Assiciated with :

MoU FORTEI - ELKHA

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.