DISTRIBUSI KOMPONEN KIMIA KAYU MAHANG (Macaranga hosei King)

Evy Wardenaar, Yeni Mariani, Harnani Husni, Farah Diba, Hikma Yanti

Abstract


This research aim was to know the chemical distribution of wood (Macaranga hosei King) based on its stem height/axial direction (base, middle and end of stem) and the depth of stem/radial direction (2/3 3/3 rays, 1/3 2/3 rays and 0 1/3 rays). The experimental includes the percentage of alcohol benzene-soluble extractive content, lignin content, holocellulose and ?- cellulose. The result showed base on stem height that the percentage of alcohol benzene soluble extractive, lignin, holocellulose and ?- cellulose content decrease from the base, middle and to the end of stem. Base on depth of stem, the result showed that the percentage of alkohol benzena-soluble extractive content, lignin content, holocellulose and ?- cellulose decreasing from 2/3 3/3 rays, 1/3 2/3 rays and to the part of 0 1/3 rays. The interaction of stem height and depth of stem has significantly affected to the percentage of alcohol benzene-soluble extractive content. The overall result showed that Mahang wood is suitable for used as sawn timbers, wood panels and raw materials for pulp and paper.

Keywords: chemical properties, Macarang hosei, stem height, stem depth.


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