TAHAPAN KONSTRUKSI RUMAH TRADISIONAL SUKU MELAYU DI KOTA SAMBAS KALIMANTAN BARAT

Zairin Zain, Indra Wahyu Fajar

Abstract


Arsitektur tradisional sebagai hasil karya suku bangsa di Indonesia telah membentuk dan mengembangkan adat tradisi sesuai dengan kebutuhan mereka. Adat tradisi merupakan bagian budaya yang mereka ciptakan untuk memfasilitasi aktivitas keseharian. Arsitektur rumah Melayu tradisional di kota Sambas sebagai bagian dari  kebudayaan nusantara mempunyai struktur dan tahapan konstruksi yang memberikan karakteristik sendiri. Penelitian ini dilakukan terhadap sebuah rumah tradisional suku Melayu di  kota Sambas yang berada di Kampung Dagang Timur. Tulisan ini melakukan eksplorasi pada tahapan Konstruksi pada obyek penelitian ini dan juga memberikan pengamatan yang intensif pada sambungan balok dan kolom. Pengamatan ini sebagai penguatan tahapan konstruksi untuk memberikan stabilitas struktur pada rumah tradisional tersebut. Bangunan dengan stabilitas yang tinggi di rumah tradisional Suku Melayu di Kota Sambas dapat tercipta dengan sistem konstruksi yang bai dan  mengacu  pada  kaidah-kaidah  normatif pelaksanaan  tahap  konstruksi yang  secara  alamiah  dipahami  turun  temurun  oleh masyarakat  tradisional Suku  Melayu  di  Kota  Sambas. Penentuan sistem struktur  dan tahapan konstruksi  pada  rumah Tradisional  Suku Melayu di kota  Sambas mampu memberikan keseimbangan bangunan baik secara melintang maupun memanjang bangunan  sehingga  struktur  menjadi  stabil dan  juga memudahkan dalam  keseluruhan tahapan konstruksi rumah Tradisional Suku Melayu di kota Sambas.

 

Traditional architecture as the works of national ethics in Indonesia has formed and developed the traditional customs to fit their needs. Indigenous traditions are part of the cultural behavior as they created to facilitate the daily activities. The architecture of traditional houses of the Malay in the town of Sambas, as part of culture of the archipelago, has structures and  a construction phase that gives its own characteristics. This research was carried out on a traditional house of Malays in the town of Sambas residing in Kampung Dagang Timur. This paper conducted an exploration on the stages of construction to the research object and also provide the intensive observation on the beam and column connections. This observation as the strengthen for the construction phase to provide explanations of the structure stability  on the traditional house. Buildings with high stability found in a traditional house of Malays of the town of Sambas can be created with the construction in a good system and refers to the normative rules of the construction phase that are naturally understood by a hereditary of the traditional Malay society in the city of Sambas . Determination of structural systems and construction phases of the traditional house of Malays in the town of Sambas is able to provide the balance of the building both transverse and longitudinal views so that structure of the building becomes stable and also facilitate the overall construction phase of Traditional house of Malays in the town of Sambas


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/lantang.v1i1.18805

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