S, M, L, XL: SEBUAH PANDANGAN PERALIHAN MODERN URBANISME MENUJU POSTMODERN URBANISME

, Affrilyno

Abstract


Teori Bigness yang digulirkan Rem Koolhaas merupakan teori yang menurut Rem Koolhaas mampu menghasilkan logika sendiri. Sekalipun teori ini dianggap sebagai bentuk yang berbeda dalam wacana arsitektur, namun keberadaannya memiliki pertumbuhan tersendiri. Ihwal teori ini berakar pada tatanan program Manhattanism yang ditulis Rem Koolhaas pada bukunya, Delirious New York (1978). Pada buku selanjutnya, S, M, L, XL (1995), Rem Koolhaas secara lebih terperinci memberikan implementasi aktual dari Manhattanism melalui berbagai proyek yang terealisasi maupun tidak terealisasi beserta tulisan-tulisan yang melingkupinya. Melalui karya tekstualnya, Rem Koolhaas telah mengembangkan pendekatan yang spesifik terhadap urbanisme dan arsitektur. Terkait problematika dalam arsitektur dan urbanisme yang menggulirkan permasalahan terhadap penolakan kompleksitas, kurangnya kontrol, oposisi, kontradiksi, dan skala yang besar, Rem Koolhaas justru merangkul kondisi ini dan menyatakannya sebagai titik awal untuk proyek-proyek mereka. Dalam konteks urban secara spesifik, Rem Koolhaas menyatakan permasalahan urban tidak lagi dapat dikendalikan dengan cara 'klasik' Modernisme. Permasalahan yang ada selanjutnya berfungsi sebagai sarana struktural untuk mengakomodasi permasalahan yang tidak dapat dikontrol. Isu-isu ini selanjutnya berperan sebagai instrumen baru dalam tatanan urbanisme dan arsitektur

 

Theory of Bigness as Koolhaas refers to it generates its own logic. Although the concept suffers from neglect in architectural discourse, it has prospered on its own. The program for Manhattanism has been established in 'Delirious New York' (1978). Furthermore, in the next book, S, M, L, XL (1995), Rem Koolhaas gives a record of the actual implementation of Manhattanism throughout the various (un)realized projects and texts. Through his books, Rem Koolhaas has developed a very specific approach towards urbanism and architecture. Related to the scope of the problems in architecture and urbanism like instead of denial of complexity, lack of control, opposition, contradiction, and bigness, Koolhaas embrace these conditions and declare them as the starting point for their projects. The urban context specifically, Koolhaas stated, no longer can be controlled in the 'classical' manner of Modernism. These issues serve as the structural means to accommodate what cannot be controlled. They are the new instruments of urbanism and architecture.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/lantang.v2i1.13840

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