KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS KUPU-KUPU (ORDO LEPIDOPTERA) PADA RUANG TERBUKA HIJAU KOTA PONTIANAK

Wina Oktaviati, Slamet Rifanjani, Hafiz Ardian

Abstract


Butterflies are one type of insect found in the green open space of Pontianak City. Butterflies can be used as bioindicators of environmental changes because butterflies are very sensitive to biotic and abiotic factors (Rizal, 2007). This study aims to obtain data and analyze the diversity of butterfly species in the green open space of Pontianak City. The study used a field observation method with sweeping net techniques and explored areas in three habitats namely Sylva Untan Arboretum, Untan S1 Forestry Campus and West Kalimantan Governor's Hall Pavilion. The three green open spaces were chosen based on the density and diversity of the vegetation. The results of the study found 22 types of butterflies. The same six types are found in three different types of open green space, namely Leptosia nina, Agamemnon Graphium, Papilio polytes, Hipolimnas bolina, Eurema hecabe, and Appias lybithea. The species diversity index at the Arboretum has a value of 2.74, Campus S1 Forestry Untan with a value of 2.19 and Pendopo Park with a value of 2.02. This value indicates that species diversity in green open space is classified as medium.

Keywords: butterfly diversity, green open space, bioindicator

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