KARAKTERISTIK TEMPAT PENELURAN PENYU SISIK (Eretmochelys imbricata) DI RESORT SUNGAI PERLU TAMAN NASIONAL TANJUNG PUTING

Eka Novitasari, Hari Prayogo, Sofwan Anwari

Abstract


The Population of Hawksbill Sea turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) is still declining even though their status as a protected animal and a rare marine resource, Human activities in hunting both the Hawksbill Sea turtles and their eggs have caused severe declines in populations, beside that the damage of their habitat and nest caused due to changing of landscape. The propose of this research is to get the nest characteristic data of Hawksbill Sea turtle at Tanjung Puting National Park, Management National Park II - Kuala Pembuang, Sungai Perlu Resort, Central Kalimantan, with research time in the field for about a month and research method purposive sampling, based on turtle’s nest habitat. The requiring data on this research are physical data (the nest beach) and biological data the nest beach characteristic (the long, slope, and width of coastal, the temperature and size of sand, and the closest coastal vegetation to the nest). The results of this research are made as narrative, diagram and image. The location of this research is east coastal (around Sungai Ranggau, Sungai Leger, Sungai Batang Behalang Kecil) with 7 km of width, the width of beach supratidal on nest between 2.5 to 39.4 m, the coastal slope 3.0o - 7.5o, the amount average of temperature 28.80˚C, the dampness 84.53%, subtract texture occurred in Nest 1 is 64.7% on shaker level smooth type. The dominant coastal vegetation is australian pain tree (Casuarina equisetifolia), the easiest discovered predators are monitor lyzard (Varanus salvator), White-bellied sea eagle (Haliaeetus lecogaster, Haliastus indus), and ghost crab (Ocypode cursor).

Keyword: Eretmochelys imbricata, Hawksbill Sea turtle, Kuala Pembuang - National Park II-TNTP, Nest.


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