KUALITAS ARANG BRIKET BERDASARKAN PERSENTASE ARANG BATANG KELAPA SAWIT (ELAEIS GUINEENSIS JACQ) DAN ARANG KAYU LABAN (VITEX PUBESCENS VAHL)

Aloysius Kahariayadi, Dina Setyawati, Nur haida, Farah Diba, Emi Roslinda

Abstract


Energy is a major component in all human activities. The main source of energy for humans are natural resources derived from fossil carbon, these are petroleum, coal, and gas . The research aimed to determine the quality of charcoal briquettes based on ration percentage of charcoal oil palm trunks and charcoal Laban wood. This study used a completely randomized design. The percentage of oilpalm trunks charcoal (OTC) and Laban wood charcoal (LWC) as follow: 100% OTC; 20% OTC: 80% LWC; 40% OTC : 60%LWC; 60%OTC : 40% LWC ; 80% : 20% LWC; 100% LWC. Particle size of charcoal was 20 mesh adhesive tapioca flour. The charcoal briquettes size was 30-40 mm heigh with diameter 55 mm and made with hydraulic press with pressure 5 tons. Before testing the quality, charcoal briquettes was dried for 48 hours in oven with temperature 80oC. evaluation the quality of charcoal briquettes based on SNI 01-6235-2000. The average value of moisture content ash content, volatile matter content valve and carbon qualified the SNI 01-6235-2000 standard.  The best value was achieved on charcoal briquettes with ratio percentage 40% oil palm trunks charcoal and 60% Laban wood charcoal with average calorific value 6377,67 cal/g. the charcoal briquettes produced can be used as an alternative energy for the society.

Keywords: Bioenergy, charcoal briquettes, Laban, oil palm


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